(Younger children) Print out onto card stock, write the Bible verse on the cards and make copies. KJV Cards, NIV Cards, Blank Cards (Printing Problems?) The children can also make File Boxes for their cards. (Printing Problems?)
Masterpiece: An exceptionally good piece of creative work.
God loves you and knows you. He created you for a purpose. You are special and have a special job to do for God.
God created so many wonderful and amazing insects. He purposely created each type of insect and each one has an important place in this world. Bedbugs, spiders, ants, and even cockroaches are all very important. Bees also play a very important part in our lives. Honeybees and other bees are important because they pollinate flowers that produce the fruit we eat. Trees and plants must be pollinated in order for them to produce a crop. If they don't get pollinated, they don't produce fruit.
Plants can be pollinated in different ways, but somehow the pollen has to find the stamen of the flower in order to produce seeds and fruit. Some pollen is blown by the wind from one plant to the other. Bees are responsible for pollinating about one third of our trees and crops that produce the food we eat. Without bees we would have far less food to eat.
God created bees for a special purpose; they have a very big job to do. But he made them perfectly suited for this job. They all work together and each has a special job; no job is more important than the other. There are lots of different kinds of bees, but honeybees are especially good at pollinating. Let's look at some of the jobs honeybees do:
The Queen Bee
There is only one queen bee for each hive. She spends her whole life laying eggs to make more bees. She will lie over 200,000 eggs in one season.
The Drone Bees
There are about 100 drone bees. Their only job is to mate with the queen bee.
The Worker Bees
There are thousands of worker bees in the hive. They all have special jobs to do according to their age.
The youngest bees stay in the hive and work. They keep the hive clean and look after the developing larvae and pupae. Some of them take care of the queen bee and the drones. They also produce wax to make the honeycomb bigger, and cap the cells after the eggs or honey is placed inside.
As the bees get older, they work at the outer area of the hive. Some of them build new cells. They fan the nest with their wings to cool it off when it gets too hot. If it is still too hot, some bees will bring water to the hive to help cool it off. If it gets too cold, they will produce heat by contracting their flight muscles without moving their wings. Some of the worker bees guard the hive. If other insects or bees try to enter the hive, the guard bee will attack the intruder and will die to protect the hive. Other worker bees go out and collect the pollen and nectar from flowers that are used to feed the bees. Some of it is stored up for the winter months.
As you see, there are many, many things that have to be done in order to keep the hive going; and each bee is very important.
Think about it. If God created these tiny little insects for such an important job, how much more important is the job you were created for? Just like these insects God has a plan for your life. But you are so much more important than an insect. The Bible says in Ephesians 2:10, "We are God's masterpiece (or workmanship) and with Jesus at work within us, we can do the good things he planned for us to do." The dictionary says a masterpiece is an exceptionally good piece of creative work. God created you different than the bees. You are much, much more important to him than the bees. He created you in his image and gave you a free will. That means that he gave you the ability to choose how you would live your life.
Father, We praise you for creating us. We thank you for your loving kindness. Help us to make the right choices and live the life you intended us to live. Help us to glorify you through our actions and to be happy with the way you created us.
Print out the flower patterns onto different colors of card stock and cut them out. On the back of each flower write one word of the memory verse. Mix the cards up and place them on a table so that the words don't show. Have your children take turns turning over the cards until someone finds the first word of the memory verse and then the second and third until all the words are gone. (Printing Problems?)
Print out the flower patterns, beehive and large flower pattern and cut them out. On the back of each flower write one word of the memory verse (you don't have to use the whole memory verse). Make a bunch of extra flowers with no words on the back. Place the large flower at one end of the table and the beehive at the other. Place the flowers with the memory verse in a zigzag row leading to the big flower so that they are in the order of the verse. Place the extra flowers in between the memory verse flowers. Have the children take turns being the bee. Starting at the beehive have a child turn over a flower near the beehive looking for the first word of the memory verse. If he finds the first word, he can then turn over another flower nearby looking for the second word of the verse. If he doesn't pick the right word he has to go back to the beehive and wait for his next turn to try again. You can turn over all the flowers again so that none of the words show or you can have the next child continue where the first child left off. The first child to reach the big flower at the end wins. Or keep playing until all the children can get to the big flower by remembering the sequence of flowers.(Printing Problems?)
Bees do what they do because God gave them the instinct to do it. They don't have a choice in what they can do. They can't decide to go their own way or follow another plan. God created you to do good works, but you have to choose to do them. He has a plan for you to do good things. He wants you to glorify him in everything you do, but it is up to you to follow his plan for your life. Ask your child what good things God would like him to do now as a youngster. Some things might be: To tell others about Jesus, invite friends to church, learn as much as he can about God, grow to be more and more like Jesus, etc.
Ask your child what he thinks God's plan might be for him in the future. Do we need to know God's plan for our lives? Do we have to know what God wants us to be? If your child doesn't have any idea what he would like to do or be in the future, tell him that we already know what God wants us to do. He wants us to do good things. If we do that, we will be following his plan for our lives. God will work out everything else. If your child thinks he might know what God wants him to do in the future, go to the library or search online to find information on your child's particular interest. For example, if your child thinks God might want him to be a doctor, discuss the different types of doctors and what they do.
That means you have some of the same characteristics as God. You may not be the smartest person, or the fastest, or the prettiest, or the most athletic person, you may think that you don't have any special talents at all, but God created you just the way he wanted you to be. The Bible says that he knew you before you were even born. It says he wove you together. He made you just the way he wanted you to be. Read Psalm 139:14-16, "I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well. My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place. When I was woven together in the depths of the earth, your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be." Talk to your child about when he was born, the names you had picked out for him, how you prepared for his birth, etc. Remind him that you didn't know what he would look like or even if he would be a boy or a girl, but God knew; and he gave you just the right child to take care of. God had it all planned out. Pull out your child's baby pictures and spend some time looking at them and talking about them.
Have all the children sit in a circle. Whisper a word or phrase from the lesson or a portion of the Bible verse into one child’s ear. Have that child then whisper the same thing into the ear of the child sitting on the right. Continue this until it gets to the last child. Have that child say the word or phrase out loud. Is it the same as it started? Begin again with a new child!
Your child should practice the same worksheet for several days. This will not only help with his writing, but will help him remember the Bible verse. On the third or fourth day, your child should draw his own picture relating to the Bible verse and then write the letter, word, or Bible verse on the bottom of the page. On the fifth day, your child should try to write or say the letter, word, or verse from memory.
1. Tracing dotted letters - NIV - D'Nealian
2. Printing using arrows - NIV - D'Nealian
3. Cursive writing the letter - NIV - D'Nealian
4. Cursive writing Bible Verse - NIV - D'Nealian
5. Printing the whole Bible Verse - NIV - D'Nealian
6. Print the word - NIV - D'Nealian
7. Poster NIV - D'Nealian
Take a look at some oil paintings that are considered masterpieces on this web site. http://www.masterpiece-paintings-gallery.com/
What you will need: Card stock, crayons or markers, thread, hole punch, and scissors
What to do:
1. Print out the patterns and make copies. Bee Patterns, Cloud Pattern with Bible Verse Cloud Pattern with No Words and the Flower Patterns. Have the children color the pictures and cut them out.(Printing Problems?)
2. Punch holes in the bees, flowers and bottom of the cloud. Tie thread to the flowers and bees and then tie them to the cloud. Punch a hole at the top of the cloud and tie a piece of thread to hang the mobile.
What you will need: Wooden Craft Sticks, White Foam Sheet, Black Chenille Stems, Low Temp Mini Glue Gun, Yellow Acrylic Paint, Wiggle Eyes, 5 mm Black Pom Poms, Sharpie Fine Point Permanent Markers, and Magnets
How to Make a Craft Spoon Bee:
1. Paint a craft spoon yellow and let it dry.
2. Cut a pipe cleaner about two inches long and fold it in half. Glue it onto the back of the craft spoon with a low temperature glue gun.
3. Glue tiny black pompoms on to the ends of the antennae, or just fold the ends down.
4. Wind pipe cleaners around the craft spoon to make the body.
5. Cut heart-shaped wings from craft foam and glue it to the back of the bee.
6. To finish draw a face on the bee with a permanent marker and glue on wiggle eyes.
7. To finish glue a magnet to the back of the bee.
What you will need: Plastic spoons, Plaster of Paris, 3/4” round magnets (optional), tiny wiggly eyes, hot melt glue gun, black pipe cleaners, red paint or markers, black and yellow paint or markers, and black and yellow fun foam.
What to do:
1. Set the spoons up so that the cup of the spoon will hold the Plaster of Paris evenly without spilling out. You will need to use a book or something to lift up and set the long ends of the spoons on. You can also use play dough to keep the cup of the spoons from moving when you are pouring the plaster, but it isn’t really necessary.
2. Mix the plaster according to the directions. Pour a spoonful of plaster into each plastic spoon and then place a magnet in the center.
3. When the plaster is dry remove it from the spoons. Let the plaster shapes dry overnight and then glue on a head cut from black fun foam, tiny eyes and yellow wings cut from fun foam.
4. In class have the children paint or color their bees.
What you will need: Old Beehives if available, or Pictures from the Web, Dark Colored Paper, Black and Brown Marker (We used the Black andSharpie Bronze Metallic Fine Point Permanent Markers.), Yellow and White Acrylic Paint - Use Opaque Paint, One-inch paint brush, Bubble Wrap with the Small Bubbles
How to Make the Beehive and Thumbprint Bee Picture:
1. Cut a piece of bubble wrap the shape of a beehive.
2. Turn the bubble wrap over to the bumpy side and paint over the area using a large paint brush and yellow paint.
3. Turn the painted side of the bubble wrap over and press it down on a piece of colored construction paper.
4. When the paint is dry trace around the edge of the hive with a dark marker.
5. Draw a tree branch at the top of the beehive using markers or crayons.
6. To make the bees dip your pointer finger in yellow paint and press your it down on the paper around the beehive. Clean off your finger and dip just your finger tip in white paint. Press it down near the yellow fingerprints to make the wings. When the paint is dry outline the bee's wings and draw in stripes with a dark marker.
Repeat the dictionary word “masterpiece” for the children again and explain the definition one more time. Then, invite the children to create their own masterpiece. Set out a variety of art materials such as paper, paint, crayons, miscellaneous art supplies, variety of paintbrushes, chalk, etc. Have them create their very own picture of whatever they want – their masterpiece. Let dry and display throughout the room where all parents can see them.
Bees are very important because they help pollinate the flowers that produce the food we eat. Have your child name three other insects and help him discover why those insects are important.
You will need different kinds of flowers cut from paper (use clip art) or artificial silk flowers. You can use more than one of each kind of flower. Before the game review with the children what each type of flower is called. Place the flowers all over the room. Have the children buzz around the room acting like bees. When you call out the name of a flower the bees look for that type of flower, grab it up, and make a "beeline" to the hive (finish line). The first child to make it to the hive with the right kind of flower wins. (Learning moment. After a bee locates nectar and fills its self up with it, he takes off in a straight line back to the hive or makes a "beeline" to the hive.)
Plant flowers such as sunflowers, black-eyed Susans, mint, and clover. Spend time in your garden and try to discover which types of flowers they like best. Try to catch a glimpse of the pollen sacks on large bumblebees as they fly from flower to flower. You really can see them. http://thehoneybeeconservancy.org/2011/04/02/a-bee-and-her-basket%E2%80%A6/
Here are some web sites with good information about bee:
1. Nova Online - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bees/
Learn about honey. You will find lots of fun facts about honey on NOVA's web site (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bees/buzz.html).
Female bees collect pollen that will be used to make honey. They collect the pollen by combing off any pollen that has stuck to their antennae and hairs on their face. The pollen is then transferred to pollen sacs on the bee's hind legs.
Click on the image to see a larger image online
You may also print out the image for your children to use with their homeschool projects or reports about bees. Please leave the daniellesplace.com and copyright on the image.
If possible, bring in an abandoned beehive and comb for the students to examine. Provide magnifying glasses to get an up close look!
Tell the students that bees recognize each other by using their sense of smell. Try this out by playing a game of secret smells. Spray or dip cotton balls in the following scents making two of each: perfume, lemon juice, liquid spices, vinegar, or any other smell that is easily recognizable. Place these cotton balls in a plastic bag. Give one to each child making sure that another child has the match. Have them go around the room using their noses to find their secret partner. If you have a small group or a younger group, just make one of each scent and set them on a table. Have the children try to guess what the scent is.
Hide a flower somewhere in your room. Explain to your child that when a bee finds flowers it flies back to the hive and tells the other bees in the hive where to find the flowers using a dance. Tell your child to pretend that he is a bee and that you are the bee that is telling him where to find the flowers; only you are going to use words. Use terms like forward, backward, to the right, to the left. If you have older children you can use north, south, east, west, northeast, etc. You can also practice memory skills by giving more than one instruction at the same time. See how many instructions your children can remember without having to be reminded.
Print out the Bee Patterns and cut them out. Write odd and even numbers on the bee's wings. Print out two Beehives and write "odd numbers" on one hive and "even numbers" on the other. (Printing Problems?)
Print out the Bee Patterns and cut them out. Write numbers on the backs of the bees depending on which math facts you are learning. Place all the bees face up on the table. Have your child pick two bees, turn them over, and read the numbers. He should then add, subtract, multiply or divide the two numbers. If he gets it correct, he gets to keep the bees. If he gets it wrong, he has to place the bees back down on the table. (Printing Problems?)
Print out the Bee Patterns and cut them out. Write numbers on the bee's wings. Print out a Beehive and write different place values on the layers of the beehive. For example, if your child is learning his place values up to the thousands, write: ones, tens, hundreds, and thousands on the beehive starting from the bottom. Your child should read a number on one of the bees and decide the largest place value the bee can be placed in and then place it on that level. Keep playing until he places all the bees in the correct position. (Printing Problems?)
Remind the children again that honeycombs are hexagon in shape. A hexagon has six sides. Then, see how good the children are with recognizing that shape. Cut several different shapes out of sandpaper such as a circle, square, rectangle, oval, heart, or to even make it more challenging for the older children, cut octagons and pentagons. Glue each shape to an index card. Have the children close their eyes while you pass a card to each of them. Have them feel the shapes on their cards with their fingers. Did they guess which one was the hexagon? If you don't have sandpaper, you can use fun foam or anything else that has texture or thickness.
You will need a box of Honeycomb cereal for this activity and some small paper plates. Write a number. Ask your child to read the number and place that many Honeycomb cereals on the plate. If he gets it correct he gets to eat the cereal. If you have older children write math problems on the plate. Pick problems that have solutions with low numbers such as 7 - 5 =, 28 ÷ 9 =, etc. If your child is studying fractions, you can write 1/4 of 8 =.
Print out the letter "B" Pattern , cut it out, and have your child decorate it. Here are some suggestions on how to decorate the letter "B":
1. Color it with black and yellow stripes bee pattern.
2. Stick bee stickers on it.
3. Make thumbprint bees.
4. Draw hexagon shapes all over it to make it look like a beehive.
5. Decorate with fingerprint bees.
Print out the Bee Patterns and cut them out. Write different letters on the bee's wings. Use upper case and lower case letters. Print out a Beehive Pattern and place all the bees on the beehive in a pile. Draw a picture of a flower and place it on the table. Have your child look at the first bee in the beehive and ask him to say the letter. Tell him if he knows the letter, the bee gets to go to the flower and collect pollen. If he doesn't know the letter, the bee has to stay in the beehive. Place the bees with the letters he doesn't recognize at the bottom of the pile. Keep playing until all the bees get to go to the flower and collect nectar. If you have older children, use their vocabulary words to play this game. (Printing Problems?)
Children can write Bible verses, words starting with the letter "B", a short story about a bee, or facts about bees in this cute little bee-shaped book.
What you will need: Printer paper, crayons, tape or glue, and a stapler.
What to do:
1. Print out the pages. Print the Head Pattern on yellow paper, or have your children color the patterns with yellow crayon. Print the rest of the patterns on white paper Feet, Wings, and Neck Pattern and Black Body Pattern.
2. Place all the circle, one on top of the other, starting with the biggest black pattern. Place each smaller pattern on top of the larger pattern. Align all the circles so that they are even at the top and staple them at the top.
3. Cut out the wings, legs, and antennae and glue them to the bee. Glue the legs onto the black body pieces as shown and the antennae to the head. Glue the wings to the back of the book.
Print out the picture of the hive and the Bees . Write your child's spelling words or vocabulary words on the bees' wings. If you are playing the spelling game, ask your child to spell each of the words written on the bees. If he spells it correctly, he gets to put the bee in the beehive. If he spells it wrong, put it at the bottom of the piles and go to the next bee. Keep playing until all the bees are in the hive. (Printing Problems?)
Print out the Bee Patterns and write your child's vocabulary words backs of the bees. Make two sets and use to play a match game.
Print out the Bee Word Patterns and cut them apart. Have your child sort out the "e" and "ee" words. Place all the "e" words in one row and all the "ee" words in another. Point out that there are only five words with a single "e": me, he, we, be, she, and four of them refer to people. (Printing Problems?)
Practice putting the words together to make sentences. Glue the bees onto another sheet of paper to form sentences. Write words next to the bees to complete the sentence. See how many sentences you can come up with which uses at least two bees per sentence. Here are some examples:
1. We see the bee.
2. We flee from the bee.
3. The bee sees me.
4. The bee is on my knee.
5. The bee is in the tree.
6. The bee is on my knee.
7. She sees me.
"The Alphabet Tree " by Leo Lionni
This is a great book to teach children about the importance of letters, words, and sentences. According to Leo Lionni there once was an alphabet tree that was full of letters. They lived a happy life, hopping from leaf to leaf, but one day a big wind blew some of them away, and made the others very frightened. A "word-bug" saves the day when he teaches them to form words so they will be strong enough to withstand the wind.
A purple caterpillar comes along and teaches them to get together to make sentences so the words mean something. But that wasn't good enough. He wanted them to say something important. The letters got together to think of something really important, and what could be more important than, "Peace on eath and goodwill toward all men"?
"The Bee Tree " by Patricia Polacco
A little girl, tired of reading, wants to go outside and play. Her grandfather uses the opportunity to teach his granddaughter the importance of reading by taking her on a hunt for a bee tree.
The little girl learns that just as there is sweetness in honey, there is sweetness inside a book too. Her grandfather says, "Adventure, knowledge, and wisdom don't come easily. You have to pursue them. Just like we ran after the bees to find their tree, so you must also chase these things through the pages of a book!
The Bible has many verses about the advantages of gaining wisdom and knowledge. You can use this book to open a discussion about the important of studying God's Word and relate it to the sweetness of honey.
"Know also that wisdom is sweet to your soul; if you find it, there is a future hope for you, and your hope will not be cut off." Proverbs 24:14
"More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb." Ps. 19:10
King Solomon and the Bee Adapted by: Dalia Hardof Renberg
This story is a retelling of the classic "The Bee" from the book "And it Came to Pass", a collection of legends about King David and King Solomon. It tells of a little bee that rests on King Solomon's nose while flying about. King Solomon, who is half asleep, raises his head to see what is tickling his nose and scares the bee. The poor bee is so scared that he stings the king. The pain of the sting wakes up the king. Soon his nose is swollen and painful. He calls all the hornets, bees, wasps and flies to appear before him. When they have all appeared, he demands to know who stung him. The little bee admits it was he who stung the king and apologizes, and then he tells the king he will repay him with a favor. The king is amused that such a little bee could repay a king, and lets all the insects fly away. Later, Queen Sheba pays a visit to the king. She had heard how smart the king was and wanted to test him. She brought in several young maidens who were all holding a bouquet of flowers. Queen Sheba asked the king if he knew which was the real bouquet. At that moment, the king noticed the bee outside the window. The king orders that the window be opened. The little bee flew in without anyone noticing and landed on the real flowers, repaying the king for his kindness.
"The Life and Times of the Honeybee" is full of facts about bees including: Gathering honey, care of the hive, uses for beeswax,
different types of hives, and beekeepers. It gives details about what bees
and beekeepers do during the different months of the year and discusses bee keeping in different countries, and the types of hives they use.
There is also a page that tells about how bees have been used through
The illustrations are very well done and compliments the text well.
(Beware because there is one small part that discusses bees "millions" of years ago.)
The Bumblebee Queen
Author: April Pulley Sayre
Illustrator: Patricia J. Wynne
"The Bumblebee Queen" is a book about the life cycle of the bumblebee, which
is native to North and South America, Europe, and Asia. In the winter the
queen bee hibernates under ground. In spring she digs out, flies around
looking for nectar and a place to build her colony. When she finds the
perfect place, she lays her eggs. She takes care of them until they hatch.
These new bees are worker bees, they take care of the hive and new larvae.
The book continues through summer and into winter. On the last page, it
gives more information on the bumblebee. This is a very informative book
with great pictures.
The author does mention mating in this book, but doesn't go into detail.
Talk about how bees and other insects have a special mouth called a proboscis that is very long and helps them to get down into the cup of the flower and suck out the sweet nectar. Demonstrate how this is done by using a straw and a pitcher of Kool-Aid. Set the children up into teams with a pitcher of Kool-Aid for each team. Give each child a straw. When you blow a whistle the first person on each teams runs up to the pitcher and drinks as much as he can until you blow the whistle again. When the child tabs the next person in line he runs up to the pitcher and starts to drink until the whistle is blown again. Continue until every child has had a turn or one pitcher is empty.
(Large group game) Share with the children that birds, toads, and skunks love to eat bees! Play a game of freeze tag with the children. Designate three children to be “it”, with one being the skunk, one a bird, and the other a toad. Have all your other children be bees. Have the predators try to tag the bees. Once they are tagged, another bee must unfreeze them by crawling between their legs. Switch roles and play as long as children are interested.
Bees communicate by wiggling and dancing! Have the children dance like bees.
Have one child hide a treat in your play area. Have the rest of the children come in and look for it as a group. Have the hiding bee wiggle and dance their body to help the other bees out. Have them wiggle to the right if the bees need to look to their right, or wiggle to their left if they should go left. For variation, remind the children that inside the beehive it is dark. Turn the lights off if children will not be scared. Remember, no talking!
All honey doesn't taste the same. The taste of the honey depends on from which types of flowers the bees collected.
Make Peanut-Butter Popcorn or other recipe using honey.
Place in a saucepan and bring to a rolling boil:
1/2 cup sugar
1/2 cup honey
Remove from the heat and add:
1/2 cup peanut butter
1/2 teaspoon vanilla
Pour over 4 cups of popped popcorn to coat. Let cool a little and then form into balls or press in a pan.
Mix up a batch of biscuits and give the kids honey to spread on their biscuits. Yum!
Make a paper bee cutout. Have one child leave the room while the other children hide the bee. After the bee is hid, have the child come back out and look for the bee. Have all the other children buzz like loud bees when the child gets close, and like soft bees when the child moves further away. Take turns being the bee finder!
If something is the best of its kind it might be called the bee’s knees.
Tell the children that beeswax is the main ingredient in furniture polish. Have some fun and get that much needed cleaning done all at the same time. Have some furniture polish ready with a rag for each child. Have them go around your room cleaning and polishing!
Explain to your children that bears love to eat honey. Then, read the book “We’re Going on a Bear Hunt” by Helen Oxenbury. After reading the book, hide some Honeycomb cereal around your play area and tell your children to pretend to be bears. Give them each a plastic bag and have them find the cereal and put it in their bag. When they are done, gather them around and watch a “Winnie the Pooh” movie while nibbling at the cereal.
Written by Marie
(Sung to “Itsy Bitsy Spider”)
I have a choice to make on how I live each day,
When I’m at home or school, work or rest or play.
I will choose to live the way; do all that God abides
So I may enter Heaven’s gates and sit right by His side.
Written by Marie
(Sung to “Do Your Ears Hang Low”)
Do you buzz all day,
When you eat and drink and play?
Do you wiggle all around,
When there’s things you want to say?
Do you have stripes of black and yellow?
Are you a pollen eatin’ fellow?
Then you must be a bee!
Written by Marie
(Sung to “Five Green and Speckled Frogs”)
Five yellow striped bees
Buzzin’ around the trees
Makin’ some honey in a comb – buzz, buzz
One went into the sky
Flew to it’s hive up high,
Then there were four yellow striped bees.
Listen to "Flight of the Bumble Bee"-- another masterpiece. You can probably find a tape or CD at your local library.
You can find this song online.
Copyright 2004, Digital by Design, Inc.
Contributing writers: Nancy Foss and Marie
Danielle's Place of Crafts and Activities
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information or storage retrieval system, except for local church or school use only. This copyright notice must be included on all copies. Requests for permission to copy this material for any other uses should be addressed to Carolyn Warvel, 588 Duran Street, Henderson, NV 89015 or e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org