Danielle's Place of Crafts and Activities

Crafts and Learning Activities
Elements of Design - Point and Dot


Including: Pointillism Printable Sheet, Point and Dot Activities for Children, Books about Point and Dot


The elements of design are the actual things we use to make up a design. They give a blank canvas meaning. When an artist paints a dot or point on that canvas it begins to have meaning. It gives the eye something to focus on, it develops a relationship between the canvas and the point, and it gives us a point of orientation to the edge of the canvas. If the artist puts two points on the canvas the eye will immediately try to connect the two points. With enough points an artist can create a complete composition.



Pointillism Printable Sheet and Activity

pointillism Activity Sheet www.daniellesplace.com

Pointillism is an artistic technique that uses only small dots of pure color to make a complete picture. The close positioning of the dots fool the eye into seeing the dots as a mix of the different colors of dots (or a different color). For an example, if a yellow dot is next to a red dot, the two dots will look more like orange from a distance.

George Seurat developed this technique but called it divisionism. It took him two years to complete his 10-foot-wide painting "Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte". This painting and technique started the Neo-impressionism movement in France.


Experiment with Pointillism

Print out the Pointillism Sheet and look at it up close.

1. What colors do you see?

2. Step back a few feet and look at it again. Do the colors in the large patterns look the same as the dots?

3. Which pattern and color combination is more effective in the optical effect of making the colors appear to be other colors?

4. What happens if you squint your eyes and look at the patterns?


Make Your Own Picture using Pointillism Techniques

pointillism graph picture

You will need: yellow, cyan (blue) and magenta (pink) highlighter markers, and printer paper.

How to Make:

1. Print out the Grid Sheet and then color in the little squares using the highlighter markers.

2. Color in the squares with the highlighters experimenting with patterns and color combinations.

3. When you are finished view your picture close-up and then from different distances. From which distance is the picture most appealing?

How to Print or Copy these Instructions.

©2012, Digital by Design, Inc. - See Copyright Information


View Pointillism Used in Other art Media

1. Bottle Cap Pictures - Bottle Cap Art.

2. Cross Stitch, needle point, and tapestries - Close up picture of a Cross Stitch Picture.

3. Computer Image Editing Programs use a type of pointillism, but instead of dots they use squares of color. The squares (pixels) are so small that they are hard to distinguish between them making it look like a solid color or gradual change in color.


Close Up of the Pistil Area of
Flower Showing the Pixels that
Make Up the Picture Below

pink flower

Pink Flower


How to Print or Copy these Instructions.

©2012, Digital by Design, Inc. - See Copyright Information



"Dot" by Patricia Intriago - Creative Graphic Exercises


Dot - It's amazing what you can do with a dot! Using opposites and simple modifications to the dots such as relative position, size, and color Patricia Intriago transforms dots into completely different objects or concepts.

Creative Activities:

1. Read the first couple of pages of this book and discuss with your child how each dot conveys the message on the page. Point out the fact the accompanying page give clues to the overall concept. For example, the first page shows a red dot. It could easily say "Red dot.", but it says "Stop dot." The accompanying page shows a green dot. By following the concept of the description of the red dot, we know the green dot page will say, "Go dot.", not "Green dot".


Read several pages of the book and discuss the concepts, and then have your child compare the pictures and see if he or she can figure out what the text might be.

2. Make Your Own Dot Book - Using opposites, positioning, and simple lines have your children make their own dot books. See if you can figure out the text by just looking at the pictures. This is a great exercise for any age. Children must try to convey a message with the least amount of information possible. Younger children can use crayons and older children may want to work with a computer program that allows you to manipulate shapes. If a child's picture has too much information, ask him to experiment with deleting as much information as possible, but still maintain the message.

©2012, Digital by Design, Inc. - See Copyright Information



"The Dot" by Peter H. Reynolds

the dot

The Dot - This is a great book for children who think they have no artistic ability!

Vashti spends her whole art class sitting in chair doing nothing because she thinks she can't draw. At the end of the class her teacher studies her blank paper and declares, "Ah! A polar bear in a snow storm." Vashti isn't amused and complains, "I just can't draw!" Her art teacher encourages her to "Just make a mark and see where it takes you", and that is exactly what she does. She grabs a big black marker and jabs it onto the middle of the paper and hands it to her teacher. The next day she discovers that her teacher framed her picture and hung it in the front of the class. Looking at the framed picture Vashti decides she can make an even better dot, and starts what becomes a whole series of dot pictures, and a new confidence in her artistic abilities.


Creative Activities:

1. Have your children experiment to see how many different kinds of dots they can make using different artistic mediums.

2. Watch a Youtube Video about the author, Peter Reynolds on how he makes a book.

3. Visit Peter Reynold's Web Site and find out more about this author and get tips on how to be more creative.

4. Link to Classroom Ideas and printable for the book "the dot".

How to Print or Copy these Instructions.

©2012, Digital by Design, Inc. - See Copyright Information


Christian Home School Art Lessons

Artistic Design and the Great Designer

Art Lessons on The Elements and Principles of Design from
a Biblical Perspective


Free Christian Art Lessons on the Elements of Design - Elements of Design and The Great Designer


Free Christian Art Lessons on the Elements of Design - Elements of Design and The Great Designer


Fun art projects for all ages. The lessons are adaptable to all ages and abilities.

file folder easel

Biblical concepts that go along with each element of design.

Children learn artistic techniques, experiment with different artistic media, read books relating to each element, and learn about famous artists and art movements.

Each lesson comes with printable patterns that are displayed in a file folder that folds out to become an easel on which your children's art can be displayed.


dot at Bible Verse Picture

Point and Dot - "What’s the Point?"

Free Sample Lesson

Bible Verse: "For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do." Eph. 2:10

Teaching Concept: A point is a location, and a dot is a mark at a certain point. Dots are the building blocks of all the other elements. Dots give meaning to a canvas. They provide points of focused attention and reference points. When God created us he put a "dot" in our hearts, a conscious, and knowledge of him. He gives us a reason for living.

Artists and Artistic Techniques: Pointillism, George Seurat, and Aboriginal Dot Painting


Line - "Which Path do You Choose?"

line activity sheet

See Lesson

Bible Verse: "Give careful thought to the paths for your feet and be steadfast in all your ways." Pr. 4:26

Teaching Concept: A line is a path between two points. Lines can have many different characteristics. They can be straight, curved, fat, or skinny. The Bible talks a lot about the paths we take, referring to the decisions we make and the consequences of those decisions. According to the Bible there are two paths we can pick; the right one and the wrong one. The right path leads to life, the wrong one lead to death.

Artists and Artistic Techniques: Wassily Kandinsky's crayon drawing, Paul Klee, symbolism in art, Aboriginal Artist Ronnie Tjampitjinpa's line and symbol paintings, illustrator and author Ed Emberley and thumbprint art, and illustrator author Patrick McDonnell


Shape - "It's Your Choice"

See Lesson

Bible Verse:"Choose you this day whom ye will serve . . . but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.: Joshua 24:15, KJV

Teaching Concept: You are a lot like an artist. Every choice an artist makes about the shapes on his canvas affects the outcome of his work. God has given you the freedom to choose how you will live your life. Every choice you make has consequences and determines how your life is shaped.

Artists and Artistic Techniques:

Jean Arp's Collage Arranged According to the Laws of Chance, organic and abstract shapes, Printmaking techniques - positive and negative shapes.


Color - "How Do You Feel?"

See Lesson

Bible Verse: "For we walk by faith, not by sight:" 2 Corinthians 5:7, KJV

Teaching Concept: People are very much affected by the colors and combinations of colors they see in a work of art. A good artist uses color and other elements and principles of design to create a piece that conveys his feelings and elicits strong emotions from the viewer.

As a Christian we are to walk by faith, not by what we see because what we see is not always what we can depend on. We live in the physical world, but must also consider the spiritual, the unseen world. Things may look bleak and out of control, but we can know that God is always in control when we put our faith in him.

Artists and Artistic Techniques:

Georgia O'Keefe, Claude Monet, Impressionism, and color theory.


Value – "Light or Dark?"

See Lesson

Bible Verses: "I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." (John 8:12)

Teaching Concept: The artist's use of value in an image can determine its success or failure. Value, the lightness or darkness of a color, is used to create a mood, focal points, and movement. Values can also be used in art to symbolize spiritual concepts. The Bible uses light and darkness to symbolize life and death. Like artists, we must decide what values are important. We must decide if we want to walk in darkness or follow Jesus and have the light of life. Our decisions will determine our success or failure.

Artists and Artistic Techniques: Rembrandt, chiaroscuro drawing, Identifying values using a grayscale ruler, high contrast and low contrast images, using dots for shading, and silhouettes.

©2012, Digital by Design, Inc. - See Copyright Information



Elements of Design Crafts and Learning Activities

Elements of Design - Point and Dot

Elements of Design - Line

Elements of Design - Shape

Elements of Design - Color

Elements of Design - Value